Cilantro is a leafy herb, which produces seeds and flowers when stressed. The entire plant is edible, along with its roots. Moreover, it is often referred to as coriander, which is the seed, whereas the leaf itself is cilantro.
Hydroponics of Cilantro
Appropriate hydroponic systems to grow cilantro are flooding and drainage, or flow and water systems, as well as shallow foundation systems. The latter requires the depth of nutrient solution to be at a minimum of five inches.
Cilantro should be grown in at least a temperature of 68 degrees Fahrenheit.
The ideal pH range to grow this herb lies between 6.5 and 6.7. Studies have also proved that the seed yield per hectare, strawweight per plan, and seed weight grows better by the application of NPK fertilizer.
Nutritional Profile of Cilantro
The following nutrients are present in one cup of raw cilantro, which weighs around 16 grams.
The total number of calories and carbs found in the herb are 3.68 and 0.587g, respectively. Meanwhile, the total fat content is 0.083g. (FoodData Central, 2019)
Cilantro contains trace amounts of multiple vitamins, namely A, C, and K. (FoodData Central, 2019)
The spice also consists of other minerals, such as 67mg of calcium, 1.77 mg of iron, and 26mg of magnesium. (FoodData Central, 2019)
The ORAC value of cilantro is 5141.
Health Benefits of Cilantro
Traditionally, coriander is often used as a relief for gastrointestinal maladies. Other uses of the herb include as an antibiotic, an aphrodisiac, and a remedy for a handful of respiratory pain and ailments, as well as treatment for loss of memory and appetite.
Chemistry of Cilantro
The major constitute of cilantro is linalool, but the primary components of the herb are oxidized monoterpenes, along with monoterpene hydrocarbons. (Shyamapada Mandal, 2015)
FoodData Central. (2019, April 1). Retrieved from US Department of Agriculture: https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/169997/nutrients
Shyamapada Mandal, M. M. (2015). Coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.) essential oil: Chemistry and biological activity. ScienceDirect, 421-428.