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Hydroponics and Health Benefits of Paprika

Paprika is a popular spice that’s made from either red peppers or chili peppers. Raw materials of paprika are native to Mexico, and it was only in the 16th century that it spread far and beyond its indigenous population. The great nutritional profile and health benefits could be the possible causes of its popularity:



Red Pepper Paprika
Paprika


Hydroponics of Paprika

The raw material for paprika preparation is red peppers or bell peppers, and their hydroponic cultivation relies on the following conditions:


Hydroponic System

Bell peppers require ample space, so a spacious hydroponic system like deep water culture would be ideal.


Temperature Requirement

Warm temperature in the range of 65-75 °F promotes healthy and early pepper growth.


Fertilizer

Increasing the rate of NPK fertilizer had a similar increasing effect on the yield of red pepper.


Nutritional Profile of Paprika

Paprika spice adds flavor and the following nutrients to your diet:


Carbohydrates

Carbohydrates and dietary fibers are the most abundant macronutrients found in the paprika spice. (FoodData Central, 2019)


Minerals

Paprika hoards 229mg of calcium, while its potassium reserves run ten times as much as calcium.


Vitamins

Paprika has an ordinary vitamin profile. It only contains a considerable amount of vitamin B3 or niacin.


Health Benefits of Paprika

Cancer Protection

Paprika is a rich source of salicylic acid, which is the active ingredient in aspirin. And one study suggests that a daily low dose of aspirin prevents the incidence of colorectal cancer. The statistics indicate that the individuals having paprika in their diet reported a low incidence of colorectal cancer. (M.D., 2016 )


Chemistry of Paprika

Some of the important chemical features of paprika include essential oils, non-volatile oils, capsaicinoids, and carotenoids. (Anu, 2000)


Capsanthin and capsorubin are the two members of the carotenoid family that impart a red color to paprika. It derives its pungency from a group of vanillyl amides called capsaicinoids. And the characteristic aroma is owed to the presence of 2-methoxy-isobutyl pyrazine, a major essential oil component.


The raw material whole foods of paprika, chili, and red peppers, are rich in nutrients. But their nutritional value and flavor further enhance when crushed and combined to make paprika.


References

Anu, A. (2000). The chemistry of paprika. Capsicum & Eggplant Newsletter . Retrieved from https://www.cabdirect.org/cabdirect/abstract/20000316862


FoodData Central. (2019, April 1). Retrieved from U.S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE: https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/171329/nutrients


M.D., M. G. (2016 , December 12). Plants with Aspirin Aspirations. Retrieved from Nutrition Facts: https://nutritionfacts.org/video/plants-with-aspirin-aspirations/

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