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Hydroponics and Health Benefits of Sesame

Sesame (also referred to as sesamum indicum) is a flowering plant, which has attractive leaves in dark-green color. Its flowers are tubular and pale pink or white in color. However, the plant is primarily popular for its culinary use.



Sesame Seed
Sesame


Hydroponics of Sesame

Hydroponic System

Popularly used hydroponic systems to grow sesame are DWS and ebb and flow.


Temperature

The ideal temperature recommended for growing sesame lies between 25 and 35 degrees centigrade.


Nutrient Solution

pH level for this plant should be maintained at a level between 5.5 and 8.0. Moreover, the application of NPK fertilizer provides maximum yield.


Nutritional Profile of Sesame

Following nutrients are present in 3 tablespoons or 30 grams of sesame seeds.


Protein

5g of proteins can be found in this particular serving. (FoodData Central, 2019)


Fiber

Sesame seeds provide 3.5g of fiber, which makes up 12% of RDI. (FoodData Central, 2019)


Other Micronutrients

This spice is high in vitamin E and magnesium. (FoodData Central, 2019)


ORAC Value

The average ORAC value of sesame is 98.15 μmol Trolox equiv./g, DW.


Health Benefits of Sesame

Aid in Lowering Blood Pressure

Sesame seeds are an important source of magnesium, vitamin E, and antioxidants, which help prevent the buildup of plaque in arteries, thereby lowering blood pressure and maintaining a healthy level. Studies have shown that people with high blood pressure, who consumed sesame seeds for a month, experienced a 6% fall in systolic blood pressure. (Jatuporn Wichitsranoi, 2011)


Chemistry of Sesame

Sesame consists of two different types of plant compounds, namely phytosterols and lignans. (Aejaz Ahmad Dar, 2013) Moreover, they have a high concentration of cysteine and methionine. (Lijiao Kan 1, 2018)


References

Aejaz Ahmad Dar, N. A. (2013). Lignans of sesame: purification methods, biological activities and biosynthesis--a review. Bioorg Chem.


FoodData Central. (2019, April 1). Retrieved from US Department of Agriculture: https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/170150/nutrients


Jatuporn Wichitsranoi, N. W. (2011). Antihypertensive and antioxidant effects of dietary black sesame meal in pre-hypertensive humans. Nutr J, 10-82.


Lijiao Kan 1, S. N. (2018). Comparative study on the chemical composition, anthocyanins, tocopherols and carotenoids of selected legumes. Food Chem, 317-326.



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